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— 医疗特色 —
国家级重点学科
金莎遗传学
发布日期:2017-10-30发布人:

上海金莎遗传研究所概况

上海金莎遗传研究所是我国第一家金莎遗传研究所,其前身是澳门金莎金莎遗传研究室,成立于1978年,创始人为曾溢滔院士和黄淑帧教授,现任所长是曾凡一研究员。上海金莎遗传研究所是国内最早开展遗传病基因诊断和产前诊断的研究及医疗单位,是国家卫健委金莎分子生物学重点实验室和上海市胚胎与生殖工程重点实验室的依托单位,也是遗传学国家重点学科和上海市重点学科的领衔单位。目前,作为牵头单位分别承担新药创制国家重大科技专项和干细胞领域国家重大科学研究计划项目,此外还承担了国防部科技创新特区项目、国家自然科学基金项目、上海市重点项目等科研项目20多项,项目总经费近3000万元。

上海金莎遗传研究所现有在编科技人员40多人,40年来,在血红蛋白病、基因诊断、基因治疗、基因表达调控、胚胎工程、干细胞研究和转基因动物制药等领域做出了一系列开创性的工作。在中国大陆倡导和组织了世界上最大规模的血红蛋白病普查工作,发现了8种世界新型血红蛋白变种。在国内率先完成了α地中海贫血、β地中海贫血、血友病、苯丙酮尿症、杜氏肌萎缩症、性分化异常和亨廷顿氏舞蹈病等多种遗传病的基因诊断和产前诊断。在国内率先研制成功了乳汁中表达人凝血因子IX的转基因山羊和整合人血清白蛋白基因的转基因试管牛。近年来遗传所在遗传病个体化金莎和精准金莎研究领域又取得了新的进展,编制了国内首部遗传病相关的个体化金莎检测技术指南(试行),并由国家卫计委于20151月正式发布。遗传所先后5次荣获国家级、20多次荣获省部级重大科技奖励,研究成果先后三次被评为中国十大科技进展和三次入选中国基础研究十大资讯,并获得全国五一劳动奖状全国三八红旗集体敬佑生命?荣耀医者金牌团队奖。


Shanghai Jiao  Tong University

Shanghai Institute of Medical Genetics (SIMG)

 

    Shanghai Institute of Medical Genetics (SIMG), which is also named as Institute of Medical Genetics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, is the first institute of medical genetics founded inChina. It was the former the laboratory of Medical Genetics, Shanghai Children’s Hospital, which was found by Professor Yi-Tao Zeng and his collegues in 1978. Currently, more than 40 staffs are working together in SIMG and the present director is Professor Fanyi Zeng, whom is PhD/MD of University of Pennsylvania. Along with the progress of China’s reform and opening-up, SIMG has developed, in the past 40 years, from an empty room at the very beginning to an up-to-date institute with a floor space of over 10,000 square meters for laboratories. Currently, SIMG has four laboratories, i.e., Molecular Genetics Lab, Cytogenetics Lab, Biochemical Genetics Lab and Clinical Genetics Lab, and a modern large-animal experimental base and an SPF small animal facility, in the Institute. Two key laboratories (Lab of Medical Embryonic Molecular Biology, Ministry of Health,Chinaand Lab of Embryo & Reproductive Engineering, Shanghai Municipality) and Division of Gene Diagnosis, National Center for Genetic Medicine as we as Center for Transgenic Animal Research are also affiliated to SIMG. As the leadership of the State as well as Shanghai Key Discipline on Genetics, SIMG always focuses on the frontier of bio-medical science in view of our national situation, to form a unique research system in which basic research and applied research are combined, and medicine, genetics and embryology are crisscrossed and permeated into one another. The institute has conducted a series of pioneering researches in hemoglobin disorders, molecular diagnosis, gene therapy, regulation of gene expression, transgenic animals, embryo engineering and stem cells, as well as in the process of production, study, and research. It has edited six academic monographs and published over 500 papers, a number of representative papers of which appeared in well-known SCI journals such as Nature LancetPNASBloodAm J Hum GenetHum Mol Genet, etc. So far, SIMG has been awarded more than 40 national, ministry and municipal prizes for major achievements. Among the prizes, the achievements in gene diagnosis of genetic diseases, transgenic animal-bioreactor, and stem cells have been ranked in “The Ten Scientific and Technological Developments inChina”, “The Top Ten News Items of China’s Basic Research”, “The Top Ten News Items of Chinese Agricultural Science”, and “The Top Ten News Items of Chinese Medicine and Health”. SIMG has turned out to be an important, influential medical and biological base at home and abroad.

    In its 40-year development, SIMG has forged a harmonious and ever-aspiring team, with a core of old, middle-aged, and young scientists who are either academicians, the Changjiang scholar professors, “973” chief scientists, the new-century talented people of the Ministry of Education and Shanghai “thousand people plan” scientist. The institute has been ranked, time and again, as Model Unit by the state, the Ministry of Health, the National Committee of Family Planning and Birth Control, and Shanghai Municipal Government, and as March 8 Red Flag Group nationally and municipally.

    SIMG has been actively participating in international scientific cooperation and exchanges, therefore, it is the first institute inChinathat awarded the Research Grant R01 from the NIH of theUnited States. It has established favorable scientific cooperation with over 40 universities and institutions of such countries and regions as theUnited States,France,Canada,Israel,Netherlandsand Hong Kong. It has successively hosted and organized international and regional academic conferences. Thus, SIMG has made great contribution to the cooperation and exchange betweenChinaand the international academic fields.

    “The seemingly impregnable pass, iron-like as it is, is but an easy passage to us, and we shall start striding from the scratch”. Shanghai Institute of Medical Genetics is marching forward toward a fixed target along the road of sustainable development. It will surely play more brilliant melodies of life.



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